October 8, 2014
The natural cycle of the virus begins in bats and, through zoonosis, is transmitted to other mammals including antelopes, chimpanzees, gorillas, and humans.
The virus is transmitted by direct contact with infected body fluids such as blood, saliva, sweat, urine or vomit, from animals or humans, living or deceased. The incubation period varies from 2 to 21 days.
Ebola is classified as a level 4 biosecurity agent because of its deadly nature and because there is no approved treatment or vaccine to tackle it. The case of the first Ebola infected outside of Africa has occurred in Spain, specifically that of a nursing assistant in Madrid, which has caused widespread alarm. Five people are admitted: the infected auxiliary, her husband, an engineer who traveled to Nigeria and two nurses who treated patients with the virus. There is also a follow-up to 52 people, of which 22 had direct contact with the infected.
Here are all the keys to Ebola and its contagion in ten points: Everything you need to know about Ebola and its contagion in 10 points.
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